Much as I try to keep from getting repetitious, this was just too neat to pass up. This new music video for The Glitch Mob’s “Becoming Harmonious” is built around the standing Faraday waves that form on a water-filled subwoofer. The vibration patterns, along with judicious use of strobe lighting, produce some fantastic and kaleidoscopic effects. (Video credit: The Glitch Mob/Susi Sie; submitted by @krekr)
Ducks, boats, and other objects moving along water create a distinctive V-shaped pattern known as a Kelvin wake. As the boat moves, it creates disturbance waves of many different wavelengths. The constructive interference of the slower waves compresses them into the shock wave that forms either arm of the V. Sometimes evenly spaced wavelets occur along the arms as well. Between the arms are curved waves that result from other excited wave components. The pattern was first derived by Lord Kelvin as universally true at all speeds - at least for an ideal fluid - but practically speaking, water depth and propeller effects can make a difference. Recently, some physicists have even suggested that above a certain point, an object’s speed can affect the wake shape, but this remains contentious. (Image credit: K. Leidorf; via Colossal; submitted by Peter)
The ethereal shapes of inks and paints falling through water make fascinating subjects. Here the ink appears to rise because the photographs are upside-down. The fluid forms mushroom-like plumes and little vortex rings. The strands that split apart into tiny lace-like fingers are an example of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability, which occurs when a denser fluid sinks into a less dense one. Similar fingering can occur on much grander scales, as well, like in the Crab Nebula. These images come from photographer Luka Klikovac's "Demersal" series. (Photo credit: L. Klikovac)
Much like the wind map we featured previously, designer Cameron Beccario’s visualizations of wind and ocean surface current data draw from near-real-time sources to create a stunning picture of fluid dynamics on a planetary scale. The number of options in terms of projections and data are really quite incredible, and you’ll want to play around to get a real sense for it. Want to see the wind and total precipitable water at 1000 hPa? Here you go. Maybe you prefer studying Pacific ocean currents. All the data are there to play with. People often wonder why weather forecasts aren’t always right, but, when you look at the scale and complexity of these flows, it’s almost a wonder that we can predict them at all. (Image credits:C. Beccario/earth; via skunkbear and io9)
Chemical Bouillon are a trio of artists who use the chemistry of surface reactions to create abstract videos full of exploding and imploding droplets and colors. As chemicals react, local concentrations at the interface vary, which changes the local surface tension. These gradients drive flow from areas of low surface tension to those of higher surface tension. This is called the Marangoni effect - the same behavior that drives tears in a glass of wine. Chemical Bouillon have a whole YouTube channel dedicated to these kinds of videos, with everything from inks to ferrofluids. Be sure to take a look at some of their other videos and, if you like them, subscribe. (Video credit: Chemical Bouillon)
Artist Sandro Bocci uses macro imagery of fluids in his new piece “Porgrave” to create scenes reminiscent of celestial landscapes and the first moments of life. Surface tension, the Marangoni effect, and diffusion create pulsating motion in some frames whereas immiscible liquids form untouchable islands in others. “Porgrave” reminds me of work by PeryBurge and Julia Cuddy as well as sequences from films like 2001 and The Fountain, both of which created some of their effects with macro photography of fluids. Still images from “Porgrave” are available on Bocci’s site. (Video credit and submission: S. Bocci)
ETA: This article originally misprinted the artist’s name as “Sandro Bocchi” and has been updated with the correct spelling.